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- Following the assassination of President James A. Garfield by a disgruntled job seeker, Congress passed the Pendleton Act in January of 1883. The act was steered through Congress by long-time reformer Senator George Hunt Pendleton of Ohio. The act was signed into law by President Chester A. Arthur, who had become an ardent reformer after Garfield's assassination. The Pendleton Act provided that Federal Government jobs be awarded on the basis of merit and that Government employees be selected through competitive exams. The act also made it unlawful to fire or demote for political reasons employees who were covered by the law. The law further forbids requiring employees to give political service or contributions. The Civil Service Commission was established to enforce this act., Forty-Second Congress of the Untied States of America At the Second Session, Begun and held at the City of Washington on Monday, the Forth, day of December, one thousand eight hundred and eighty two AN ACT To regulate and improve the civil service of the Untied States Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President is certified to appoint by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, three persons not more than two of the whom shall be adherents of the same party, as Civil Service Commissioners, and said three commissioners shall constitute the United States Civil Service Commission . Said commissioners shall hold no other official place under the Untied States. ___________________ The President may remove any commissioner; and any vacancy in the position of commissioner shall be so filled by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate as to conform to said conditions for the first selections of commissioners._________________________________ The commissioners shall each ...
- National Archives and Records Administration
- Part of:
- Enrolled Acts and Resolutions of Congress, General Records of the United States Government
An Act to Regulate and Improve the Civil Service of the United States
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