Email SMS This Cite

An Act to Prevent Interstate Commerce in the Products of Child Labor, and for Other Purposes

The first child labor bill, the Keating-Owen bill of 1916, was based on Senator Albert J. Beveridge's proposal from 1906 and used the government's ability to regulate interstate commerce to regulate child labor. The act banned the sale of products from any factory, shop, or cannery that employed children under the age of 14, from any mine that employed children under the age of 16, and from any facility that had children under the age of 16 work at night or for more than 8 hours during the day. Although the Keating-Owen Act was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson, the Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional in Hammer v. Dagenhart 247 U.S. 251 (1918) because it overstepped the purpose of the government's powers to regulate interstate commerce. In its opinion the Court delineated between the Congress's power to regulate production and commerce.
National Archives and Records Administration
Part of:
Enrolled Acts and Resolutions of Congress, General Records of the United States Government
More Like This
  • Letter from Edward P. Bacon to Theodore Roosevelt The Executive Committee of the Interstate Commerce Law Convention hopes there will be a special session of Congre...
  • Manuscript of amendment to "An act to regulate commerce" Manuscript of an amendment intended to be proposed by W. B. Allison to H.R. 12987 to amend "An Act to regu...
  • Letter from Martin A. Knapp to Stephen B. Elkins Chairman Knapp explains the Interstate Commerce Commission's recommendations for amendments to the act to regulate...
  • Letter from Edward P. Bacon to Theodore Roosevelt Edward P. Bacon writes to President Roosevelt to discuss a convention the Interstate Commerce Law Convention will...
  • Private car lines editorial Editorial explaining the ramifications for producers and consumers of goods that are shipped via Armour and Company. There is a bleak o...